Bihari Muslims of Dhaka, capital city of Bangladesh

| · Population: 11 million

“You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation” (Revelations 5:9)

bihari-bangladesh-30-days-netDhaka has been called “the city of the 1,000 mosques”, but at the start of the 21st century the capital of Bangladesh has many more than 1,000 mosques. The region was first exposed to Hinduism and then to Buddhism. Muslim raiders introduced Islam to Bangladesh from North India in the tenth century and later by the Mughal (Mogul) rulers. Almost 90 per cent of the population today follows the Sunni and Sufi forms of Islam, which are dominated by ‘holy men’ and folk Islamic practices.

Dhaka is a busy centre of government and commerce and attracts students from all over the country. Recently identified as the world’s most polluted city, the government is struggling to manage the traffic and provide adequate housing facilities for its growing population of 11 million people. Non-governmental organisations try to help in the huge challenge of alleviating poverty. Bangladesh’s gross national product (GNP) per capita is still among the lowest in Asia, and the country depends heavily on foreign aid. Crime rates are rising and reports of hijacking, extortion, mob killings and murder can be read in the newspaper every day. Political violence is common, and rivalries between the political parties, coupled with corruption, hinder serious efforts to address the multiple problems.

Dhaka’s major waterfront called ‘Sadarghat’ is on the bank of the river Buriganga. This bustling waterfront reflects Bangladesh’s varied and widespread river traffic. It is crowded with all kinds of river craft, from minuscule boats to steamers and fishing boats.

Bihari Muslims of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dhaka is also home for many Bihari Muslims. They fled the riots in the Indian State of Bihar after the partition of India in 1947. Favoured by the government of Pakistan, they sided with the West-Pakistani Army when the Bengalis in East Pakistan fought for their independence in 1971. After the war the new country of Bangladesh was born and the Urdu-speaking Biharis were seen as traitors. To escape from the revenge of the Bengalis they were gathered in refugee camps to await their repatriation to Pakistan. With the help of international relief organisations, half of them have been repatriated over the years, but 250,000-300,000 still remain in the 66 camps in Bangladesh. The Biharis in Bangladesh have a strong Muslim identity. Only a few secret believers exist among them.


Flag of Bangladesh


Map of Bangladesh

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Prayer for the Muslims in Dhaka, Bangladesh:

* Pray that the churches in Dhaka will be encouraged to reach out to those who have not yet heard the Good News despite the rising intimidation which they face.

* Pray for unity and mutual trust among the national churches and the Christian organisations working in the city.

* Pray for many church-planting teams to be established that will take on the challenge of reaching out to the vast Bengali Muslim population (including the Biharis).

Background on Bangladesh (World Factbook)

Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area of Bangladesh in the 16th century; eventually the British came to dominate the region and it became part of British India. Bangladesh came into existence in 1971 when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. About a third of this extremely poor country floods annually during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.

Economy of Bangladesh

The economy has grown 5-6% per year since 1996 despite political instability, poor infrastructure, corruption, insufficient power supplies, and slow implementation of economic reforms. Bangladesh remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation.

About Bangladesh

Population: 163,654,860 (July 2013 est.) World rank #9

Life expectancy at birth: 70.36 years. World rank #150

Ethnic groups: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims

Religions: Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9%

Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English

Literacy Rate: 57.7% — male: 62%, female: 53.4%

School life expectancy: 8 years

The Young Hardworking Poor of Rural Bangladesh – Video

Met 30 kids who were forced to choose between either putting food on the table or getting an education.


  1. pakistani people at bangladesh dhaka 1971 after camp all 66 camp dhaka

  2. he is not bangladeshi he all pakistani 7000000lac people save of pakistan 1971 war and 16/12/1971afters 66camp as pakistani indra ghandi and bhooto mujeeb and pakistani army resposbale really

  3. muhamad kashif says:

    i am also a bihari living in islamabad but my brothers and sisters are still live their life in worst camps they want to come pakistan

  4. muhamad kashif says:

    biharis and bengalis both are pakistani

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